What are Electrostatic Precipitators? And how do they operate?
Electrostatic Precipitators or ESP’s are a highly effective group of filtration devices, which use an electrostatic charge to remove small particles from flowing gas. Also known as electrostatic air cleaners, ESP’s function by ionising the particles in a gas or air stream, as they travel over ionising electrodes. An electrostatic charge is then applied to the particles, which causes them to become attracted to and thus diverted towards collection plates for removal.
Dry Electrostatic Precipitators: remove impurities from dry solids such as smoke and dust.
Wet Electrostatic Precipitators: remove liquid droplets such as oil from humidified gases.
ESP’s are designed to remove particles as small as 0.01 micron in diameter and depending on their specialism, they can remove both solid particulates and liquid droplets from gas and air flow. By controlling particulate emissions in this way and removing impurities from the waste gases which are released from boilers, industrial process sources and power plants – Electrostatic air cleaners are used as a highly efficient air pollution control device.
Once impurities are removed, the clean air and gas then continues to pass out of the precipitator by a stack or chimney, before being released into the atmosphere. The impurities which have accumulated on the collection plates, are then transported into a hopper, located below the ESP structure where they are stored for disposal.